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About Skin Care

Your skin reflects your health. It's your body's canvas and one of its most valuable assets. For good skin care, start developing healthy habits that guard your valued possession from outer (and inner) forces. It's the only skin you'll ever get, so your daily habits mean everything.

INDENTIFYING YOUR SKIN TYPE

The first step in creating a personalized skincare routine is to identify your skin type. This will determine the daily steps to be taken and the proper products to use. The chart below should clearly outline where your skin fits in. Once you know which skin type you have, check out our Create Your Own Skincare Regimen Kit or Pre-Made Best Of Skincare Regimen Kits.

Dry/Sensitive Skin

• Prone to inflammatory eruptions.
• Highly reactive to new products.
• Often sensitive, tight and uncomfortable.
• Fine pores with a tendency toward dryness.
• Easily irritated by shaving.

Oily Skin/Acne Prone

• Greasy feeling with large, visible pores.
• Skin breakouts with blackheads common.
• Shiny, especially on nose and forehead.

Combination/Normal Skin

• No huge issues, maybe an occasional bout of dryness or oiliness.
• Skin kinda’ average and relatively problem free.
• Common shaving irritation may apply.

Mature Skin/ Aging Skin

• Real visible or getting-there wrinkles.
• Fine lines around eyes, mouth and forehead.
• Noticeable under-eye bags.

A DAILY ROUTINE FOR YOUR SKIN TYPES

STEP

DRY / SENSITIVE SKIN

OILY / ACNE PRONE SKIN

COMBINATION / NORMAL SKIN

MATURE / AGING SKIN

1. Cleanse

Clean your face with a moisturizing gelor foaming cleanser. Make sure to avoid ordinary soaps, which tighten and dry the skin. Wet, lather and rinse with the aid of warm water.

Clean your face with a gentle clay cleanser. Make sure to avoid ordinary soaps, which tighten and dry the skin. Wet, lather and rinse with the aid of warm water.

Clean your face with a gel or foaming cleanser. Make sure to avoid ordinary soaps, which tighten and dry the skin. Wet, lather and rinse with the aid of warm water.

Clean your face with a moisturizing, creamy cleanser.  Wet lather and rinse with the aid of warm water.

2. Tone

Using a cotton ball, gently apply a toner to remove remaining residue and to help better absorb a moisturizer.

Using a cotton ball, gently apply a toner to remove remaining residue and to help better absorb your moisturizer.

Using a cotton ball, gently apply a toner to remove remaining residue and to help better absorb your moisturizer.

Using a cotton ball, gently apply a toner to remove remaining residue and to help better absorb your moisturizer.

3. Moisturize

Generously apply a super-hydrating moisturizer. Steer clear of fragranced products.

Generously apply an oil-free moisturizer. For extremely oily skin, try an oil-free/oil-absorbing moisturizer.

Generously apply a general moisturizer. If your skin is oily in some areas and dry in others, use a hydrating moisturizer for dry areas and an oil-free one for oily spots.

Generously apply an extra-powerful moisturizer. Apply a targeted eye cream.

4. Exfoliate

Once weekly, remove dead cells and unclog pores by using a gentle face scrub. For best results, mix this scrub with your face wash. Avoid delicate skin areas.

Twice weekly, remove dead cells and unclog pores by using a gentle face scrub. Avoid delicate skin areas.

Twice weekly, remove dead cells and unclog pores by using a gentle face scrub. Avoid delicate skin areas.

Once weekly, remove dull, wrinkled skin by using a gentle face scrub. Avoid delicate skin areas.

What products are entitled to be designated as dermocosmetics?

To qualify as a dermocosmetic product, a product must contain active ingredients whose effectiveness against a specific problem has been established through rigorous laboratory testing.
Dermocosmetic products have been specially formulated to restore skin health. They protect against the many stresses of contemporary life and natural skin ageing.

In-depth action

Dermocosmetic products provide in-depth action. To understand how they work, you need to know that skin is made up of three layers:
1. The epidermis
2. The dermis
3. The hypodermis

Dermocosmetic products consist of fine molecules that penetrate to the dermis, the middle layer. At this depth, creams have an optimal impact in:
1. Correcting problems
2. Protecting skin tissue
3. Preventing unwanted marks such as wrinkles

PROTECTING YOURSELF IN THE SUN

Sunlight contains ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which causes premature aging of the skin, wrinkles, cataracts, and skin cancer. The amount of damage from UV exposure depends on the strength of the light, the length of exposure, and whether the skin is protected.
There are no safe UV rays or safe suntans.

Skin Cancer

Sun exposure at any age can cause skin cancer. Be especially careful in the sun if you burn easily, spend a lot of time outdoors, or have any of the following physical features:
• Numerous, irregular, or large moles.
• Freckles.
• Fair skin.
• Blond, red, or light brown hair.

Self-Examination

It's important to examine your body monthly because skin cancers detected early can almost always be cured. The most important warning sign is a spot on the skin that is changing in size, shape, or color during a period of 1 month to 1 or 2 years.
Skin cancers often take the following forms:
• Pale, wax-like, pearly nodules.
• Red, scaly, sharply outlined patches.
• Sores that don't heal.
• Small, mole-like growths - melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer.
If you find such unusual skin changes, see a health care professional immediately.

Block Out UV Rays

• Cover up. Wear tightly-woven clothing that blocks out light. Try this test: Place your hand between a single layer of the clothing and a light source. If you can see your hand through the fabric, the garment offers little protection.
• Use sunscreen. A sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 blocks 93 percent of UV rays. You want to block both UVA and UVB rays to guard against skin cancer. Be sure to follow application directions on the bottle.
• Wear a hat. A wide brim hat (not a baseball cap) is ideal because it protects the neck, ears, eyes, forehead, nose, and scalp.
• Wear UV-absorbent shades. Sunglasses don't have to be expensive, but they should block 99 to 100 percent of UVA and UVB radiation.
• Limit exposure. UV rays are most intense between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. If you're unsure about the sun's intensity, take the shadow test: If your shadow is shorter than you, the sun's rays are the day's stronges

Eat your way to fabulous skin

If you want glowing skin, the old adage 'you are what you eat' has never been truer. Our nutritionist's tips will help you nourish your skin from the inside out.
Everyone has a favourite face cream or treatment, but beautiful skin starts with nourishment from within. Older cells are constantly shed and replaced by younger ones and a steady supply of key nutrients is essential to support this rapid growth. Eat the correct balance of foods and you'll feed your skin the vital nutrients it needs to help it stay soft, supple and blemish-free.
That said, as much as we may try to resist it, our skin does naturally age. Wrinkles and age spots are the inevitable result of time, but skin ageing may be sped up by overexposure to the sun and tanning beds, strong soaps, chemicals and poor nutrition. With this in mind, a holistic approach is best. Treat your skin kindly and optimise your nutrition by eating antioxidant-rich fruit and vegetables, healthy fats from oily fish and nuts, and a varied and balanced diet. This should give optimal levels of the nutrients that are crucial for radiant skin, including beta carotene, vitamins C and E, zinc and selenium.

1. Eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day

Fruit and vegetables contain powerful antioxidants that help to protect skin from the cellular damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals, smoking, pollution and sunlight and can cause wrinkling and age spots. Eat a rainbow of colourful fruit and vegetables and aim for at least five portions a day. Betacarotene, found in carrots, sweet potatoes and pumpkin, and lutein, found in kale, papaya and spinach are potent antioxidants, important for normal skin cell development and healthy skin tone.

2. Eat enough vitamin C

Vitamin C is also a super antioxidant. It is needed to support the immune system, promote radiant skin and help blemishes heal properly. The best sources are blackcurrants, blueberries, broccoli, guava, kiwi fruits, oranges, papaya, strawberries and sweet potatoes. Vitamin C is needed to produce collagen that strengthens the capillaries that supply the skin.

3. Don't crash diet

Repeatedly losing and regaining weight can take its toll on your skin, causing sagging, wrinkles and stretch marks. Crash diets are often short in essential vitamins and minerals too. Over long periods of time this type of dieting will reflect on your skin. It is always best to eat a healthy, balanced diet. If you're considering trying a weight loss plan, make sure you have all the facts first – explore our expert guides to popular diets and read the six things you should consider before starting a diet.

4. Stock up on selenium

Selenium is a powerful antioxidant. It works alongside other antioxidants such as vitamins E and C and is essential to support the immune system. Studies suggest that a selenium-rich diet can help to protect against skin cancer, sun damage and age spots. One way to boost your intake is to eat Brazil nuts. Just four nuts will provide the recommended daily amount (RDA). Mix Brazil nuts with other seeds rich in vitamin E as a snack or salad sprinkle. Other good sources are fish, shellfish, eggs, wheatgerm, tomatoes and broccoli.

5. Eat enough vitamin E

Vitamin E protects skin from oxidative (cell) damage and supports healthy skin growth. Foods high in vitamin E include almonds, avocado, hazelnuts, pine nuts and sunflower and corn oils.

6. Drink six to eight glasses of water a day

Skin needs moisture to stay flexible. Even mild dehydration will cause your skin to look dry, tired and slightly grey. Drink six to eight glasses of water a day – all fluids count towards your daily allowance, but water is the best. If you work in an office, keep a large bottle of water on your desk to remind you to drink. Herbal, caffeine-free teas are good too. Don't forget that some fruit and vegetables, such as watermelon, courgette and cucumber, also contribute fluids – the added benefit is that the minerals they contain will increase the rate you hydrate your body and skin. Try to avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption as both can age the skin.

7. Eat some healthy fat

Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats – the types found in avocados, oily fish, nuts and seeds – provide essential fatty acids which act as a natural moisturiser for your skin, keeping it supple and improving elasticity. These fats also come packaged with a healthy dose of vitamin E (a vitamin many of us lack), which will help protect against free radical damage.

8. Opt for omega-3

Make sure you get enough omega-3 and omega-6 fats. These are essential fatty acids which mean they cannot be made in the body and must be obtained through the diet. You will find omega-3s in oily fish and plant sources such as linseed and their oil, chia seeds, walnuts and rapeseed oil. Omega-3 fats encourage the body to produce anti-inflammatory compounds, which can help skin, particularly inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

9. Eat more phyto-estrogens

Phyto-estrogens are natural chemicals found in plant foods (phyto from the Greek word for plant). They have a similar structure to the female sex hormone oestrogen and have been found to help keep our natural hormones in balance. There are different types, some are found in soya bean products(isoflavones) such as tofu, whereas others are found in the fibre of wholegrains, fruit, vegetables and linseed (lignans). Include phyto-estrogen rich soya, wholegrains, fruits and vegetables as part of a balanced diet.

10. Go for low-GI carbs

The glycaemic index (GI) is a system that ranks carbohydrate-based foods on how slowly or quickly they are broken down in the body into glucose. Try to eat plenty of beans, pulses, porridge and other low-GI, slow-releasing carbohydrates. These release sugar into the blood stream gradually, providing you with a steady supply of energy and leaving you feeling satisfied for longer and therefore less likely to snack. Avoid high-GI carbohydrates like biscuits and sugary drinks, as they lead to production of insulin, which may damage collagen and accelerate wrinkles.

11. Eat plenty of zinc

Zinc is involved in the normal functioning of the sebaceous glands in the skin (which produce oil) and helps to repair skin damage and keep skin soft and supple. Zinc-rich foods include fish, lean red meat, wholegrains, poultry, nuts, seeds and shellfish.

https://www.groominglounge.com/best-skin-care-advice-oily-dry-skin-type
http://www.brunet.ca/en/advices/what-is-dermocosmetics.html
https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/eat-your-way-fabulous-skin
https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3166/osha3166.html